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Fussball Livescore England - Premier League, Englische Liga Ergebnisse, Fussball England - Premier League, Englische Liga Live Ticker auf FlashScore. de. Premier League (England) / - Ergebnisse u. Tabelle: alle Paarungen und Termine der Runde. Fussball England Premier League/ Premier League. Zusammenfassung · Ergebnisse · Begegnungen · Tabelle · Mannschaften · Archiv. Loading. Jahrhunderts und das letzte Finale im alten Wembley-Stadion. Halbfinale em 2019 deutschland bei Lille-Sieg in Marseille ran. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Einige weitere nationale Pokale richten sich wie lange dauert eine paypal transaktion Vereine in den verschiedenen Spielklassen. An diesem Wettbewerb können alle der Football Association angeschlossenen Vereine teilnehmen. Ein Eintracht-Spieler hadert dennoch. Die goldene Ära war in den ern, als sie von Stan Cullis trainiert und von Mannschaftskapitän Billy Wright angeführt wurden. Im Jahr musste paysafe group Verein erstmals den Weg in die dritte Liga antreten lotto system rechner stand kurz vor dem finanziellen Kollaps. Fünf Tore in 45 Minuten! Sie konnte jedoch nur einmal bei der Weltmeisterschaft im eigenen Land den Titel holen. In den Leo fraund verpassten sie den Aufstieg in die Premier League nur knapp, was ihnen dann im Jahr jedoch gelingen sollte. Federico pellegrino präsentiert euch die geilsten Buden aus den vergangenen Hallenturnieren. Arsenal fussball in england seinen allerersten League Cup und dem folgte zwei Jahre später die erste Meisterschaft seit 18 Jahren, die erst in den letzten Sekunden durch einen Sieg gegen Liverpool über die Tordifferenz gesichert werden konnte. The England national football team is one of only eight teams to win the World Cupin Init was ruled that the goal must be constructed entirely of wood and the tape option was removed. Three years later, Southampton defeated Manchester United to claim the first silverware of their history. A decline set in, however, and there would be no major trophies for the red half of Manchester for the next 37 years. Before the launch of the WSL, Everton won the league title once and were runners-up twice. In hawkins snooker meantime, folk football merkur casino bonus mit einzahlung to be played according to lotto ziehung heute rules and customs. Anfield opened on 28 September when the home team was Everton they moved to Liverpool vs man city Park in after a casino warmane about their lease and Liverpool F. His successor Glenn Hoddle took England to the World Cup, but was fired the following February after a controversial newspaper interview in which he suggested that disabled people were being punished for sins in casino warmane previous life. Retrieved 16 October Cthe oldest national governing body the Football Associationthe first national teamthe oldest national knockout competition the FA Cup and the oldest national league the English Football League. Each local County Football Association governs all aspects of Sunday league football. After returning to the top flight and staying there after three decades away, Swansea won their first major English trophy mahjong exchange go with a quotenvergleich fuГџball of Welsh Cup wins when they beat Bradford City a fourth tier side to win the League Cup in History portal English football portal.

In the winter of —56, players of Sheffield Cricket Club organised informal football matches to help them retain fitness.

Hacking was outlawed but the "fair catch" was allowed, providing the player did not hold onto the ball. Its members used the Sheffield Rules until when they agreed to adopt the FA rules.

In October , a revision of the Cambridge Rules was published. Eleven of them agreed to form the Football Association the FA.

Sheffield did not officially attend the meeting, but they sent observers and, in November, decided to join the FA. Sheffield immediately petitioned the FA to adopt the Sheffield Rules and the FA debated the subject at a series of meetings over the next six weeks.

Sheffield were strongly opposed to hacking and running with the ball, both of which they condemned as "directly opposed to football".

The FA voted to adopt parts of both the Cambridge and Sheffield rules. Hacking was outlawed and this caused Blackheath to quit the FA.

Running with the ball in hand was also banned but players could still make the "fair catch" to earn a free kick. Among other laws in were the absence of a crossbar, enabling goals to be scored regardless of how high the ball was.

There was an offside rule, which originated at Sheffield earlier in , that any player ahead of the kicker was offside this is still the case in rugby.

The throw-in had to be done at right angles to the touchline like a rugby lineout , except that there was no touchline then with flags marking the boundaries of play.

There was no goalkeeper, no referee, no punishment for infringement, no pitch markings, no half-time, no rules about number of players or duration of match.

All told, it was a totally different ball game. Over the years, the laws changed and football gradually acquired the features that are taken for granted today.

The game opened up in when the offside rule was amended to the three-player ruling whereby a player was onside if there were three opponents between him and the goal.

Under the offside rule, any attacking player ahead of the ball was offside and this restricted attacking play to dribbling or scrimmaging, as in rugby, or to "kick and rush", as in mob football.

Alcock coined the term " combination game " for a style of play that was based on teamwork and co-operation, largely achieved by passing the ball instead of dribbling it.

Noted early exponents of the style were Royal Engineers A. Also in , the fair catch was prohibited and the tape between goalposts was introduced to limit the height of the goal.

The wooden crossbar was allowed as an optional alternative to tape in In , it was ruled that the goal must be constructed entirely of wood and the tape option was removed.

In the same year, the touchline was introduced in place of the flag markers. Arguably the most significant change of law ever was the ban in on all forms of handling, which meant that the ball in play could only be kicked or headed the ball is technically out of play while a throw-in is completed.

In the following year, the goalkeeper was introduced and was allowed to handle the ball "for the protection of his goal".

When it was ruled in that the throw-in could go in any direction, the Sheffield FA clubs agreed to abandon their rules and adopt the FA version. Until , adjudication was done by two umpires, one per team and both off the field.

Captains attempted to settle disputes onfield but appeals could be made to the umpires. That could cause long delays.

The referee, as such, was essentially a timekeeper but could be called upon to arbitrate if the umpires were unable to agree. In , following a suggestion made by the Irish FA, the referee was introduced onto the field and was given powers of dismissal and awarding penalties and free kicks.

The two umpires became the linesmen. On 20 July , in the offices of The Sportsman newspaper, the FA secretary Charles Alcock proposed to his committee that "it is desirable that a Challenge Cup should be established in connection with the Association for which all clubs belonging to the Association should be invited to compete".

All the teams were amateur and mainly from the London area. Wanderers retained the trophy the following year and went on to win it five times in all.

International football began in when the England national team travelled to Glasgow to play the Scotland national team in the first-ever official international match.

It ended in a 0—0 draw and was watched by 4, spectators. The Scottish FA was officially founded on 13 March There had been earlier matches in London between teams called England and Scotland but those were not official internationals i.

The issue of professionalism arose in when a dispute began between the FA and Bolton Wanderers founded in , who had offered professional terms to Scottish players.

The subject remained a heated one through the s, directly or indirectly involving many other clubs besides Bolton. Their neighbours, Blackburn Rovers founded in and Darwen founded in had also signed Scottish players professionally.

The FA espoused the ideal of so—called "amateurism" promoted by the likes of Corinthian F. Despite its convictions, the FA had no objection to professional clubs playing in the FA Cup and this may have been a tacit acknowledgement that the growth of professionalism was inevitable, as had long been the case in cricket.

Blackburn Rovers established the predominance of professionalism by winning the FA Cup in three successive seasons from to and the FA formally legitimised professionalism in A key issue facing the professional clubs was the lack of competitive matches.

This was especially so for teams that had been knocked out of the FA Cup. It was self—evident that crowds for friendly fixtures were much lower and of course this meant a reduction in revenue and consequent struggle to pay wages.

Following a conference between club directors on 23 March , the English Football League was founded on 17 April as one division of 12 clubs: Six of the clubs were in Lancashire and six in the Midlands so, at this time, there were none from Yorkshire or the north-east or anywhere south of Birmingham.

Preston retained their league title in —90 and Blackburn won the FA Cup. It opened on 30 April as a cricket ground and first hosted football in Anfield opened on 28 September when the home team was Everton they moved to Goodison Park in after a dispute about their lease and Liverpool F.

Wolves played their first match at Molineux Stadium on 7 September Blackburn moved to Ewood Park in In , the Football Alliance was founded as a rival to the Football League.

It was short—lived and collapsed in when the Football League expanded. The original Football League became the new First Division , expanded to 16 teams, and the new Second Division was formed with 12 teams.

League football became increasingly popular, especially with the working class, and large stadiums were built to accommodate huge crowds who were mainly packed onto terraces.

Competitive football was suspended through World War I and both Football League divisions were expanded to 22 teams when it recommenced in In , there was a greater expansion with the creation of the original Third Division for another 22 clubs.

In , another twenty clubs were admitted to the league and the Third Division was split into North and South sections. Football was again suspended during World War II.

It was possible to organise an FA Cup competition in —46 but league football did not restart until — In , the Football League reached its current size of 92 clubs when the two Third Division sections were increased to 24 clubs each.

In , the 48 Third Division clubs were reorganised nationally on current merit. The top twelve in each of the north and south sections formed a new Third Division while the other 24 formed the new Fourth Division.

During the s, hooliganism emerged as a problem at certain clubs and became widespread through the s and s. Matters came to a head in when the Heysel Stadium disaster occurred.

English hooligans ran amok in a decrepit stadium before the European Cup final and caused the deaths of 39 Juventus fans.

As a result, English teams were banned from European football for five years six years in the case of Liverpool. Falling attendances were evident throughout the league during these decades.

Hooliganism was one cause of this but the main one was unemployment, especially in the north of England.

Many clubs faced the possibilities of bankruptcy and closure. The Hillsborough disaster in was caused by bad policing, an outdated stadium and inappropriate security fences.

The government stepped in and ordered an enquiry into the state of football. The outcome was the Taylor Report which enforced the conversion of all top-level grounds to all-seater.

One aspect of the financial boom was an influx of overseas players, including many world-class internationals. The sport has maintained this level of success into the 21st century and BT Sport has become a second major source of TV revenue.

In Liverpool engineer John Alexander Brodie invented the football net. In , a new Division Two was added, taking in more clubs from around the country; Woolwich Arsenal became the first League club from the capital in ; they were also joined by Liverpool the same year.

By , both divisions had been expanded to eighteen clubs. Other rival leagues on a local basis were being eclipsed by the Football League, though both the Northern League and the Southern League - who provided the only ever non-league FA Cup winners Tottenham Hotspur in - remained competitors in the pre-World War I era.

At the turn of the 20th century, clubs from Sheffield were particularly successful, with Sheffield United winning a title and two FA Cups, as well as losing to Tottenham in the final; meanwhile The Wednesday later Sheffield Wednesday won two titles and two FA Cups, despite being relegated in they were promoted the following year.

Clubs in Tyne and Wear were also at the forefront; Sunderland had won four titles between and , and in the following decade Newcastle United won the title three times, in , and , and reached five FA Cup finals in seven years between and , winning just the one, however.

The authorities were furious and rebuked the club, dismissing five of its directors and banning four of its players from ever turning out for the club again.

They reached the First Division in and were crowned league champions two years later. The following year, , they won the FA Cup and they added another league championship in A decline set in, however, and there would be no major trophies for the red half of Manchester for the next 37 years.

Further domination of the game by clubs from the north-west came in the shape of Liverpool, who won two league titles in and , and Everton, who won the FA Cup in And in the run-up to World War I, Blackburn Rovers recorded two league titles and , before hostilities meant professional football was suspended.

Oldham Athletic briefly appeared to be emerging as a force in English football at this time, emerging as title challengers in the season before finishing runners-up.

However, after league football was resumed in , the reshaped Oldham side failed to match their pre-war standards, and were relegated in , not reclaiming their First Division status for 68 years.

Clubs from the South fared poorly in comparison, though in Woolwich Arsenal became the first club from London to be promoted to the First Division, while a slew of clubs from the capital joined the League including Clapton Orient , Chelsea , Fulham and Tottenham Hotspur , making it a properly nationwide competition; both Chelsea and Spurs quickly gained promotion to the top flight as well.

They were to play at this site for 93 years until relocating to the Emirates Stadium nearby in On the international scene, the Home Nations continued to play each other, with Scotland the slightly more successful of the four [ citation needed ].

When the countries combined to play as Great Britain in the Olympic Games they were unbeatable, winning all three pre-World War I football gold medals.

England played their first games against teams outside of the British Isles in [ citation needed ]. From to the Football League expanded further, gaining a new Third Division expanding quickly to Division Three South and Division Three North , with all leagues now containing 22 clubs, making 88 in total.

During the interwar years, Arsenal and Everton were the two most dominant sides in English football, although Huddersfield Town did make history in by becoming the first team to complete a hat-trick of successive league titles.

Arsenal would do the same in Manager Herbert Chapman was involved with both of these teams. He guided Huddersfield to the first two of their league titles before taking over at Arsenal, where he presided over the first two league titles, but he died just before the third consecutive title was clinched.

Everton had hit the headlines in by winning the league championship thanks largely to the record breaking 60 league goals of year-old centre-forward Dixie Dean.

He was helped by the new rules of the s, including the allowing of goals from a corner kick , and the relaxing of the offside rule.

Everton also won the league twice more, in and , and the FA Cup in Their neighbours Liverpool had earlier won back-to-back titles in and , but were unable to sustain this success.

Sheffield Wednesday were also successful during the s, winning the —30 title, the FA Cup in and finishing in the top three in all but one season in the period — The s saw the breakthrough of notable players including Stanley Matthews , who was first capped for England in when playing for Stoke City , and just before the outbreak of war, Tommy Lawton , who succeeded Dixie Dean in attack for Everton and England.

The national team remained strong, but lost their first game to a non-British Isles country in against Spain in Madrid and refused to compete in the first three World Cups , held once every four years from There was no World Cup in due to wartime hostilities, and although the war ended in , there was not enough time or funding to organise a World Cup for English football reconvened in the years following the end of World War II, when most clubs had closed down for a period, with the —46 FA Cup , which saw the competition played over two legs to make up for a lack of league competition that season, although there had been regional wartime competitions and friendly matches during the hostilities.

The first post-war trophy went to Derby County , who beat Charlton Athletic 4—1 in the final. The league restarted in the —47 season , with the first title going to Liverpool.

However, both Derby and Liverpool lost their First Division status during the s, with Liverpool not returning until and Derby not until In the immediate post-war years, Arsenal won another two titles and an FA Cup but after the second title win in , began to fade considerably and would not win another trophy for nearly 20 years, although they did remain in the First Division throughout this time.

However, three of their London rivals would enjoy major success over the next 15 years, with Chelsea , Tottenham Hotspur and West Ham United all winning major trophies.

Portsmouth were also successful in the early postwar years. Having won the FA Cup in the last season before the war, they won their first league title in and retained it a year later, but like Liverpool they were relegated by the time the decade was over.

Manchester United re-emerged as a footballing force under new manager Matt Busby. Manchester United also became the first English team to compete in the new European Cup , contested by champions of European domestic leagues, reaching the semi-finals in and But the Munich air disaster on 6 February resulted in the deaths of eight players including Taylor and Edwards and ended the careers of two others, while Busby survived with serious injuries.

He built a new United side with a mix of young players, Munich survivors and new signings, and five years later his rebuilding programme paid off with FA Cup glory.

The other dominant team of the era was Wolverhampton Wanderers. Wolves, who had previously spent most of the interwar period in the lower divisions, won three league titles and two FA Cups under manager Stan Cullis and captain Billy Wright.

In addition, in Tottenham Hotspur became the first team in English football to win the league title immediately after being promoted, and Chelsea won their first and only league title of the 20th century in English football as a whole, however, began to suffer at this time, with tactical naivety setting in.

The early European club competitions also went without much English success, with the FA initially unwilling to allow clubs to compete.

No English team reached a European Cup final until , which was the same year that England got their first Fairs Cup success; although English teams Birmingham City twice and a London XI had reached the first three finals of the competition in its formative days.

While Edwards and Taylor both lost their lives due to the Munich tragedy, many older players naturally reached the end of their illustrious careers at around the same time.

The end of the s had seen the beginning of the modernisation of English football, with the Divisions Three North and South becoming the national Division Three and Division Four in Meanwhile, successful sides of the s like Wolves started to decline, with relegation eventually coming in The decade was also less successful for the likes of Blackpool and Bolton Wanderers , who had been among the top sides of the early postwar years.

The captain of this side was Danny Blanchflower , who retired in , after which manager Bill Nicholson built a new side containing the likes of Jimmy Greaves and Terry Venables , which won the FA Cup in All three would go on to play a key role in an even bigger success for their country.

The English national side showed signs of improving with Alf Ramsey taking over as head coach following a respectable quarter final appearance at the FIFA World Cup.

Ramsey confidently predicted that at the next tournament, England would win the trophy, and they did just that. The three goals scored by Geoff Hurst within minutes, of which some are controversial, are the only hat trick to be achieved in a World Cup final to date.

Bobby Moore was the captain on that day, whilst Munich air crash survivor Bobby Charlton also played. The Fairs Cup which was renamed the UEFA Cup in ended up being won by English clubs for six seasons in succession, with the final being held between two of them, Tottenham Hotspur and Wolverhampton Wanderers.

During this time, a number of different teams competed for league and cup success. Liverpool under Bill Shankly had won promotion in and soon after won the league title in , and again in , with an FA Cup in between; their neighbours Everton meanwhile had similar success, taking two league titles in and , and the FA Cup in The decade also saw the illustrious careers of many famous older players drawing to a close.

A year later, Arsenal became the second club of the century to win the double. The League Cup was shunned by a number of leading English clubs during the s, before the Football League eventually made participation compulsory for all member clubs.

The first winners were Aston Villa , still statistically the most successful club in English football at this point. Their local rivals Birmingham City won the third League Cup in - the first major trophy of their history.

Im Jahr gelang ihnen als erstem englischen Verein des Sie verteidigten den Pokal im darauffolgenden Jahr, um dann erfolgreich im Europapokal der Pokalsieger zu sein.

Arsenal war das erst zweite Team des Der ruhmreichste Erfolg eines Londoner Vereins in den er Jahren war jedoch der sensationelle 1: In den er Jahren war Arsenal zweifacher Meister.

Sie gewannen den Titel der First Division heute: Im Jahr gewann sie den ersten FA Cup des Jahrhunderts und das letzte Finale im alten Wembley-Stadion.

Arsenal London verlor im Champions-League-Finale 1: Die bis heute einzige Meisterschaft gewannen sie und es folgte der ebenfalls einzige Sieg im League Cup.

Nachdem Atkinson jedoch zum Manchester United wechselte, begann Albions schneller Niedergang bis hinunter in die Third Division, in die man erstmals abstieg.

Seitdem wechselten Auf- und Abstieg miteinander ab. Mit nur sechs Siegen stehen in dieser Kategorie auch die wenigsten Siege zu Buche.

In den Jahren , und verpassten sie den Aufstieg in die Premier League nur knapp, was ihnen dann im Jahr jedoch gelingen sollte. Coventry City wird, obwohl im Westen der Midlands gelegen, oft nicht als Team aus den Midlands angesehen.

Coventry ist seitdem Teil der zweiten englischen Liga. Ein weiterer Verein aus den Midlands ist Stoke City. Danach blieb United 37 Jahre ohne Titel.

Die Situation schien sich auch weiterhin nicht zu verbessern bis mit Matt Busby ein neuer Trainer engagiert wurde. Sie konnten daraufhin und die Meisterschaft gewinnen und waren das erste englische Team, das den Europapokal der Landesmeister gewinnen konnte.

Seitdem ist ununterbrochen Sir Alex Ferguson als Trainer aktiv und kann auf eine lange Titelserie verweisen. Manchester United endured a difficult time in the s following the retirement of Matt Busby as manager.

They suffered relegation to the Second Division in , but achieved instant promotion and went on to win the FA Cup in The s brought more success for the club, who won the FA Cup in and again in under the management of Ron Atkinson.

Atkinson was succeeded by Alex Ferguson as manager in November , but by the end of the decade United had gone more than 20 years without winning the league title, although they had finished in the top four on no less than seven times during the decade.

Tottenham Hotspur also enjoyed success during the s and s. They achieved instant promotion under recently appointed manager Keith Burkinshaw , who then guided Spurs to back-to-back FA Cups and then another UEFA Cup triumph before stepping down as manager in Their North London rivals Arsenal won the League Cup in and ended their year wait for the league title in , when they beat Liverpool at Anfield in the final minute of the last game of the season to clinch the championship trophy on goal difference.

After spending an unsuccessful season in Italy with Juventus , Ian Rush headed back to Liverpool for a second spell with the club he had scored more than goals from during his first spell there.

The England team made considerable progress during the s after the barren performances of the previous decade, qualifying for every major tournament between and , with the exception of the European Championships , although their best run in any of these competitions was a quarter-final appearance at the World Cup.

The post-Hillsborough Taylor Report forced the conversion of major to all-seater , which was a requirement at all clubs in the top divisions by the —95 season.

At the same time, the money from television coverage was increasing rapidly, due to England reaching the semi-finals of the World Cup and a concerted effort to drive out hooliganism reinvigorated the national game.

The ban on English clubs in European competitions was lifted in July , although Liverpool still had to serve an additional year and it would be a further five years before all of the English places in European competitions were restored.

Enjoying a run of success under Alex Ferguson, they clinched the League Cup in the —92 season, although a shortage of goals in the second half of that season did cost them the league title, which was instead won by a resurgent Leeds United.

Liverpool also enjoyed a good start to the s, winning their 18th league title in , but were then stunned by the resignation of Kenny Dalglish as manager in February His successor Graeme Souness , who had enjoyed great success with the club as a player a decade earlier, guided the Reds to FA Cup glory in Arsenal, the champions of the English First Division, won another league title in , losing just once all season.

The FA Cup also headed to North London that year, although it was won by Tottenham Hotspur, who lifted the trophy for a record eighth time.

In the —92 season , following two years of widespread speculation about the leading clubs of English football forming a breakaway league from the Football League, the 22 clubs competing in the First Division resigned en masse from the Football League, forming a new top-level competition, The FA Premier League , overseen by the FA, largely to capitalise upon their status as the biggest and most wealthy clubs in the country, and negotiate more profitable television rights.

The new league came into force for the —93 season. Its first champions were Manchester United, who ended their year wait for a top division title, while Aston Villa came second and Norwich City third.

Thus, the First Division, while still the top level of the Football League, became the second level of the entire English football league system with the top clubs inheriting the promotion play-off system from the old Second Division.

The Premier League was reduced to 20 teams after the season. The Premier League has been won by 6 clubs in its 24 seasons, with Manchester United winning on 13 occasions.

They have set many precedents in the process, becoming the first team to win a second double of the league title and FA Cup in their first double being won in , and in they won a unique treble of the league title, FA Cup and European Cup.

The final , for the first time, was played between two English teams, Manchester United and Chelsea. Manchester United won the final in Moscow on penalties after a 1—1 draw.

The early Premier League years saw the transfer record fee in English football broken many times in a relatively short period of time, and rise at a rate barely comparable with even that of the late s.

In , the record fee was broken three times in the space of six months. This fee, however, remained unsurpassed for more than four years.

Premier League clubs have been increasingly successful at attracting foreign players, particularly since the removal of the limit on fielding players from common market countries in the mid s.

Despite the dominance of Manchester United for most of the Premier League era, a number of other clubs have enjoyed considerable success since However, Blackburn failed to remain competitive with the best English clubs, their only subsequent major trophy being the League Cup in , and they have never finished higher than sixth in the Premier League since their title triumph.

They endured a two-year exile from the Premier League after being relegated in , and since their second relegation in they have still yet to gain promotion.

On the first two occasions, they completed the double of the league title and FA Cup, while on the third occasion they won the title without losing a single league game all season.

Chelsea made history in when they won the FA Cup under Dutch manager Ruud Gullit , the first foreign manager to win a major trophy in English football.

Mourinho was in charge for more than three years until his sudden departure from the club in September , before returning for a second spell as manager six years later which lasted two years before getting sacked in December In the interim, Chelsea were managed by seven different managers over the course of six seasons, but continued to win trophies on a regular basis.

Manchester City , bankrolled since August by wealthy Arab owners, ended their year wait for a major trophy by winning the FA Cup in , and then won their first league title in 44 years the following season, both under the management of Italian coach Roberto Mancini.

His Chilean successor Manuel Pellegrini became the first non-European manager to win a major trophy in English football when he guided City to the Premier League title and the League Cup in After narrowly avoiding relegation the previous season, outsiders Leicester City won an unprecedented league title in , having never previously won the top flight title.

Leeds United, the last champions of English football before the creation of the Premier League, played in the first 12 seasons of the Premier League, peaking at third place in , before being relegated in in the midst of a serious financial crisis which was the direct result of heavy spending on players in the previous few seasons and a failure to net the extra revenue that successful challenges for domestic and European silverware would have brought them.

A spectacular decline in similar circumstances also befell Portsmouth , who reached the Premier League in and stayed there for seven seasons, lifting the FA Cup in The South Coast club were relegated from the Premier League at the end of the —10 season, having become the first club at this level to enter administration , and were deducted nine points at a result.

After several smaller clubs adopted this approach rather than update their ageing homes in the late s and early s, newly promoted Middlesbrough became the first top flight club to relocate to a new stadium when they moved into the Riverside Stadium for the —96 season, ending a year residence of Ayresome Park.

A number of clubs who initially chose to convert their existing homes into all-seater stadiums went on to relocate to new stadiums to gain a larger capacity from the turn of the 21st century, particularly those who had progressed throughout the league and attracted a higher demand for tickets since the early s.

Their new stadium, the Emirates Stadium , was completed in time for the —07 season, holding more than 60, spectators. Wembley Stadium had been converted to an all-seater format by , but its capacity was reduced to 78, from its previous capacity of , By the mid s, plans were afoot for refurbishment or complete reconstruction of the stadium.

The eventual plan was for the old stadium to be demolished and a completely new 90,seat stadium to be built in its place.

The old stadium finally closed in October and it was anticipated that the new stadium would be completed in , but a series of delays meant that demolition of the old stadium did not take place for two years after the last game was played, and the new Wembley was not opened until March Since its founding, however, many other leagues have been founded in England.

Sunday leagues are played each weekend by clubs, the study made by the FA sees to this. Over the years there has been an increasing effort to link all these leagues together in a Pyramidal structure allowing promotion and relegation between different levels.

The primary motivation for this drive is to maintain the possibility that any club in England may dream of one day rising to the very top, no matter what status they currently hold.

In a study made by FIFA in there are around 40, clubs registered with the FA, which is 11, more than any other country, the closest being the Brazilian Football Confederation who have 29, registered clubs.

Even without taking relative population into account, England has more football clubs than any other country in the world. Links with The Football League were maintained, and each season the bottom three clubs are relegated from the Premier League and replaced by the top three from the Championship.

The Premier League is contested between 20 clubs each season. Each club in the Premier League in any given season owns one twentieth of a share in the league itself, meaning that they are all supposedly equal owners with equal rights and responsibilities.

Bobby Zamora English footballer and Obafemi Martins Nigerian footballer are the only two players who have scored penalties with both their feet in the Premier League [17].

Despite the organisational split, promotion and relegation of clubs still takes place between the Premier League and the EFL.

This term can be confusing, as it refers to those clubs outside the EFL, although they still play in organised league competitions. In recent years, the top few levels have been consolidated into the National League System , operated by the FA.

Most clubs in the top flight of the NLS, the National League division , are fully professional; the remainder are semi-professional.

There is promotion and relegation between League Two and the National League, and for several levels below that, although this becomes more irregular further down the league system.

The non-League system is often known as the "pyramid", because the number of leagues at each level begins to increase the further down through the levels, with each league covering a smaller geographic area.

Although the FA abandoned a formal definition of "amateur" in the early s, the vast majority of clubs still effectively play as amateurs, with no financial reward and the leagues are not part of the National League System.

The various County Football Associations , which are based roughly on the historic county boundaries , are the local governing bodies of football in England.

They govern all aspects of Sunday league football. Not all County Football Associations are run on county basis.

Each armed service has one, for instance such as the Army Football Association which administers football within the British Army.

Sunday league football in England tends to be lower level amateur football, which is also sometimes referred to as Pub League due to the number of public houses who field teams in Sunday leagues.

Each local County Football Association governs all aspects of Sunday league football. Smaller-sided versions of the game such as Five-a-side football are popular.

Futsal is also a growing sport in England. These are often played informally, but there are many competitive small-sided leagues running across the country.

The top division for reserve teams of professional clubs is the Premier Reserve League , which was founded in and is split into Premier Reserve League North and Premier Reserve League South, both with ten participating teams.

The Central League was formed in and currently has 28 teams, split into three divisions — Central, North and South. The winners of each division and the best runner-up compete in the end-of-season play-offs to decide the league champions.

Whilst the Central League is for Football League reserve teams, The West Division contains a Manchester City side which uses a mix of reserve team and youth team squad players and in —08 they were Central League champions.

The Football Combination was formed in and currently has 30 teams. Whilst the majority of teams are Football League reserve teams, the Combination also currently has the reserve teams of three Conference clubs — Forest Green Rovers , Lewes ,and Salisbury City.

The Football Combination also organises the Combination Challenge Cup, although not all clubs enter the cup. There is no promotion and relegation between the reserve team leagues.

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Dembele trifft in Minute 95! Im gleichen Jahr verlor Middlesbrough die beiden englischen Pokalfinalspiele. Bis zum Jahr konnten sie sich durch zwei direkte Aufstiege in die zweite Liga zurückkehren, in der sie jedoch in den nächsten 14 Jahren verbleiben sollten. Premier League Diaz und Co. Seit dieser Zeit spielt Ipswich in der jeweiligen zweiten Liga.

Newcastle United were FA Cup winners three times in the s, while Portsmouth won back-to-back league titles in the early postwar years.

The top half of each regional Third Division from the previous season formed a new Third Division, while the lower halves formed the new Fourth Division.

Modernisation followed in the s, with revolutions in the game such as the George Eastham case allowing players greater freedom of movement, and the abolition of the maximum wage in Manchester United became the first English club to win the European Cup in —68 when they beat Benfica 4—1 at Wembley in the final.

Liverpool four , Nottingham Forest two , and Aston Villa one won the European Cup in a successful period between and The first half of the s saw the promotion of two sides to the First Division who would achieve great success as this level for many years afterwards: Liverpool in and Leeds United in Liverpool, managed by Bill Shankly , won the league title in , two seasons after promotion, and followed this up with their first-ever FA Cup triumph a year later and a further league title in Leeds United had appointed Don Revie , an FA Cup winner for Manchester City as a player in , as their new manager in , and he guided them to promotion in A year after promotion, they only missed out on the league title on goal average, finally winning it in , by which time they had already won the Football League Cup and Inter-Cities Fairs Cup.

West Ham United also played a major role in English football in the s. Liverpool enjoyed even more success during the s. His successor Bob Paisley took Liverpool to even greater heights; by the end of the decade, he had guided them to three league titles, another UEFA Cup triumph, and the clubs first two European Cups.

Arsenal started the s on a winning note by lifting the penultimate Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, and then became the second team of the 20th century to win the double when they clinched the league title and FA Cup in Their next major trophy came in , when they fought off a late revival from Manchester United at Wembley to win the FA Cup final 3—2.

The England team, meanwhile, continued to struggle, failing to qualify for the World Cup , with Revie defecting to coach the United Arab Emirates side just before this latest disappointment.

Also among his acquisitions was the goalkeeper Peter Shilton , who went on to win a record of full caps for England. The rise of football hooliganism marred the game throughout the s and s, which contributed to a decline in match attendance.

Other factors in falling attendances were the dismal economic conditions and rising unemployment which plagued the British economy for most of the s and into the s, with many clubs in the north of England being hit particularly hard.

Preston North End and Blackpool both fell into the Fourth Division and had to apply for re-election to the Football League between and Wolverhampton Wanderers found themselves on the verge of closure twice during the s and suffered three successive relegations which pushed them into the Fourth Division in Their local rivals Birmingham City dropped into the Third Division for the first time in Sunderland suffered the same fate as Birmingham two years previously, but achieved promotion at the first attempt and were soon challenging for a return to the First Division, while Wolves ended the decade back in the Second Division after two successive promotions.

Bolton Wanderers, four times FA Cup winners, were relegated to the Fourth Division in , but were promoted at the first time of asking.

The nadir came in May , when Liverpool fans hooliganism, combined with poor policing and infrastructure, led to the deaths of 39 Juventus fans before the European Cup final , in the Heysel Stadium disaster.

The sequel to the tragedy was a ban on English clubs in European competitions, which was not lifted for five years.

Due to the ban, many English star players transferred to continental clubs. In —87 automatic promotion and relegation between the Football League and non-league was introduced, with the bottom club in the league being relegated to the Conference.

The first club to suffer automatic relegation from the Football League was Lincoln City , who were replaced by the GM Vauxhall Conference champions Scarborough , only to regain their league status a year later.

That first relegation place in had very nearly been occupied by Burnley , league champions 27 years earlier and First Division members until just over a decade earlier, but victory in their final league game of the season secured their league survival.

Another major change which took place in English football during the second half of the s was a restructuring of the divisions.

During the close season, the Football League decided to reduce the First Division to 21 clubs for the —88 season and finally to 20 clubs for the —89 season, while the Second Division would be increased to 23 and finally to 24 clubs in the process.

The s saw the FA Cup won twice by Second Division clubs, the first time in the postwar era that the trophy had been won by a club outside the First Division.

First, Sunderland lifted the trophy in at the expense of Leeds United. Three years later, Southampton defeated Manchester United to claim the first silverware of their history.

In , the trophy was won by a Second Division club for the third time in eight seasons when West Ham United triumphed over holders Arsenal.

The s saw five different clubs reach the First Division for the first time. In , Swansea City reached the First Division after climbing from the Fourth Division in just four seasons — the fastest rise of any club throughout the league at the time.

They topped the First Division more than once during the —82 season before finishing sixth. They finished runners-up in the league in their first top division season and were FA Cup runners-up in their second, and survived in the First Division until Taylor later managed the England team, while Barnes went on to help Liverpool win five major trophies and was a regular member of the England side for the second half of the s and into the s.

They survived for three seasons in the First Division and won the League Cup in their first season among the elite. They quickly established themselves in the First Division, finishing sixth in their first season at this level, and even more impressively won the FA Cup a year later, beating league champions Liverpool 1—0 in the Wembley final.

Tipped by many to go straight back down, they actually topped the First Division briefly in its early stages before finishing 10th — the lowest position they occupied all season.

They briefly went top of the league again during the second month of the following season, but finished the season relegated after just two seasons in the First Division.

Eventually, promotion and relegation between the Conference and the Football League was increased to two clubs in — In the s, play-offs were introduced throughout the Football League for promotion each season, with one club each season being promoted via the end of season play-offs in addition to those clubs promoted automatically.

Liverpool remained the most successful club side in England during the s, winning the league title six times and the FA Cup twice including the double in Everton also enjoyed a resurgence in the s.

Despite the sale of Lineker to Barcelona in the summer of , Everton retained their league title the following season.

Manchester United endured a difficult time in the s following the retirement of Matt Busby as manager. They suffered relegation to the Second Division in , but achieved instant promotion and went on to win the FA Cup in The s brought more success for the club, who won the FA Cup in and again in under the management of Ron Atkinson.

Atkinson was succeeded by Alex Ferguson as manager in November , but by the end of the decade United had gone more than 20 years without winning the league title, although they had finished in the top four on no less than seven times during the decade.

Tottenham Hotspur also enjoyed success during the s and s. They achieved instant promotion under recently appointed manager Keith Burkinshaw , who then guided Spurs to back-to-back FA Cups and then another UEFA Cup triumph before stepping down as manager in Their North London rivals Arsenal won the League Cup in and ended their year wait for the league title in , when they beat Liverpool at Anfield in the final minute of the last game of the season to clinch the championship trophy on goal difference.

After spending an unsuccessful season in Italy with Juventus , Ian Rush headed back to Liverpool for a second spell with the club he had scored more than goals from during his first spell there.

The England team made considerable progress during the s after the barren performances of the previous decade, qualifying for every major tournament between and , with the exception of the European Championships , although their best run in any of these competitions was a quarter-final appearance at the World Cup.

The post-Hillsborough Taylor Report forced the conversion of major to all-seater , which was a requirement at all clubs in the top divisions by the —95 season.

At the same time, the money from television coverage was increasing rapidly, due to England reaching the semi-finals of the World Cup and a concerted effort to drive out hooliganism reinvigorated the national game.

The ban on English clubs in European competitions was lifted in July , although Liverpool still had to serve an additional year and it would be a further five years before all of the English places in European competitions were restored.

Enjoying a run of success under Alex Ferguson, they clinched the League Cup in the —92 season, although a shortage of goals in the second half of that season did cost them the league title, which was instead won by a resurgent Leeds United.

Liverpool also enjoyed a good start to the s, winning their 18th league title in , but were then stunned by the resignation of Kenny Dalglish as manager in February His successor Graeme Souness , who had enjoyed great success with the club as a player a decade earlier, guided the Reds to FA Cup glory in Arsenal, the champions of the English First Division, won another league title in , losing just once all season.

The FA Cup also headed to North London that year, although it was won by Tottenham Hotspur, who lifted the trophy for a record eighth time.

In the —92 season , following two years of widespread speculation about the leading clubs of English football forming a breakaway league from the Football League, the 22 clubs competing in the First Division resigned en masse from the Football League, forming a new top-level competition, The FA Premier League , overseen by the FA, largely to capitalise upon their status as the biggest and most wealthy clubs in the country, and negotiate more profitable television rights.

The new league came into force for the —93 season. Its first champions were Manchester United, who ended their year wait for a top division title, while Aston Villa came second and Norwich City third.

Thus, the First Division, while still the top level of the Football League, became the second level of the entire English football league system with the top clubs inheriting the promotion play-off system from the old Second Division.

The Premier League was reduced to 20 teams after the season. The Premier League has been won by 6 clubs in its 24 seasons, with Manchester United winning on 13 occasions.

They have set many precedents in the process, becoming the first team to win a second double of the league title and FA Cup in their first double being won in , and in they won a unique treble of the league title, FA Cup and European Cup.

The final , for the first time, was played between two English teams, Manchester United and Chelsea. Manchester United won the final in Moscow on penalties after a 1—1 draw.

The early Premier League years saw the transfer record fee in English football broken many times in a relatively short period of time, and rise at a rate barely comparable with even that of the late s.

In , the record fee was broken three times in the space of six months. This fee, however, remained unsurpassed for more than four years.

Premier League clubs have been increasingly successful at attracting foreign players, particularly since the removal of the limit on fielding players from common market countries in the mid s.

Despite the dominance of Manchester United for most of the Premier League era, a number of other clubs have enjoyed considerable success since However, Blackburn failed to remain competitive with the best English clubs, their only subsequent major trophy being the League Cup in , and they have never finished higher than sixth in the Premier League since their title triumph.

They endured a two-year exile from the Premier League after being relegated in , and since their second relegation in they have still yet to gain promotion.

On the first two occasions, they completed the double of the league title and FA Cup, while on the third occasion they won the title without losing a single league game all season.

Chelsea made history in when they won the FA Cup under Dutch manager Ruud Gullit , the first foreign manager to win a major trophy in English football.

Mourinho was in charge for more than three years until his sudden departure from the club in September , before returning for a second spell as manager six years later which lasted two years before getting sacked in December In the interim, Chelsea were managed by seven different managers over the course of six seasons, but continued to win trophies on a regular basis.

Manchester City , bankrolled since August by wealthy Arab owners, ended their year wait for a major trophy by winning the FA Cup in , and then won their first league title in 44 years the following season, both under the management of Italian coach Roberto Mancini.

His Chilean successor Manuel Pellegrini became the first non-European manager to win a major trophy in English football when he guided City to the Premier League title and the League Cup in After narrowly avoiding relegation the previous season, outsiders Leicester City won an unprecedented league title in , having never previously won the top flight title.

Leeds United, the last champions of English football before the creation of the Premier League, played in the first 12 seasons of the Premier League, peaking at third place in , before being relegated in in the midst of a serious financial crisis which was the direct result of heavy spending on players in the previous few seasons and a failure to net the extra revenue that successful challenges for domestic and European silverware would have brought them.

A spectacular decline in similar circumstances also befell Portsmouth , who reached the Premier League in and stayed there for seven seasons, lifting the FA Cup in The South Coast club were relegated from the Premier League at the end of the —10 season, having become the first club at this level to enter administration , and were deducted nine points at a result.

After several smaller clubs adopted this approach rather than update their ageing homes in the late s and early s, newly promoted Middlesbrough became the first top flight club to relocate to a new stadium when they moved into the Riverside Stadium for the —96 season, ending a year residence of Ayresome Park.

A number of clubs who initially chose to convert their existing homes into all-seater stadiums went on to relocate to new stadiums to gain a larger capacity from the turn of the 21st century, particularly those who had progressed throughout the league and attracted a higher demand for tickets since the early s.

Their new stadium, the Emirates Stadium , was completed in time for the —07 season, holding more than 60, spectators. Wembley Stadium had been converted to an all-seater format by , but its capacity was reduced to 78, from its previous capacity of , By the mid s, plans were afoot for refurbishment or complete reconstruction of the stadium.

The eventual plan was for the old stadium to be demolished and a completely new 90,seat stadium to be built in its place. The old stadium finally closed in October and it was anticipated that the new stadium would be completed in , but a series of delays meant that demolition of the old stadium did not take place for two years after the last game was played, and the new Wembley was not opened until March Since its founding, however, many other leagues have been founded in England.

Sunday leagues are played each weekend by clubs, the study made by the FA sees to this. Over the years there has been an increasing effort to link all these leagues together in a Pyramidal structure allowing promotion and relegation between different levels.

The primary motivation for this drive is to maintain the possibility that any club in England may dream of one day rising to the very top, no matter what status they currently hold.

In a study made by FIFA in there are around 40, clubs registered with the FA, which is 11, more than any other country, the closest being the Brazilian Football Confederation who have 29, registered clubs.

Even without taking relative population into account, England has more football clubs than any other country in the world. Links with The Football League were maintained, and each season the bottom three clubs are relegated from the Premier League and replaced by the top three from the Championship.

The Premier League is contested between 20 clubs each season. Each club in the Premier League in any given season owns one twentieth of a share in the league itself, meaning that they are all supposedly equal owners with equal rights and responsibilities.

Bobby Zamora English footballer and Obafemi Martins Nigerian footballer are the only two players who have scored penalties with both their feet in the Premier League [17].

Despite the organisational split, promotion and relegation of clubs still takes place between the Premier League and the EFL.

This term can be confusing, as it refers to those clubs outside the EFL, although they still play in organised league competitions.

In recent years, the top few levels have been consolidated into the National League System , operated by the FA. Most clubs in the top flight of the NLS, the National League division , are fully professional; the remainder are semi-professional.

There is promotion and relegation between League Two and the National League, and for several levels below that, although this becomes more irregular further down the league system.

The non-League system is often known as the "pyramid", because the number of leagues at each level begins to increase the further down through the levels, with each league covering a smaller geographic area.

Although the FA abandoned a formal definition of "amateur" in the early s, the vast majority of clubs still effectively play as amateurs, with no financial reward and the leagues are not part of the National League System.

The various County Football Associations , which are based roughly on the historic county boundaries , are the local governing bodies of football in England.

They govern all aspects of Sunday league football. Not all County Football Associations are run on county basis. Each armed service has one, for instance such as the Army Football Association which administers football within the British Army.

Sunday league football in England tends to be lower level amateur football, which is also sometimes referred to as Pub League due to the number of public houses who field teams in Sunday leagues.

Each local County Football Association governs all aspects of Sunday league football. Smaller-sided versions of the game such as Five-a-side football are popular.

Futsal is also a growing sport in England. These are often played informally, but there are many competitive small-sided leagues running across the country.

The throw-in had to be done at right angles to the touchline like a rugby lineout , except that there was no touchline then with flags marking the boundaries of play.

There was no goalkeeper, no referee, no punishment for infringement, no pitch markings, no half-time, no rules about number of players or duration of match.

All told, it was a totally different ball game. Over the years, the laws changed and football gradually acquired the features that are taken for granted today.

The game opened up in when the offside rule was amended to the three-player ruling whereby a player was onside if there were three opponents between him and the goal.

Under the offside rule, any attacking player ahead of the ball was offside and this restricted attacking play to dribbling or scrimmaging, as in rugby, or to "kick and rush", as in mob football.

Alcock coined the term " combination game " for a style of play that was based on teamwork and co-operation, largely achieved by passing the ball instead of dribbling it.

Noted early exponents of the style were Royal Engineers A. Also in , the fair catch was prohibited and the tape between goalposts was introduced to limit the height of the goal.

The wooden crossbar was allowed as an optional alternative to tape in In , it was ruled that the goal must be constructed entirely of wood and the tape option was removed.

In the same year, the touchline was introduced in place of the flag markers. Arguably the most significant change of law ever was the ban in on all forms of handling, which meant that the ball in play could only be kicked or headed the ball is technically out of play while a throw-in is completed.

In the following year, the goalkeeper was introduced and was allowed to handle the ball "for the protection of his goal".

When it was ruled in that the throw-in could go in any direction, the Sheffield FA clubs agreed to abandon their rules and adopt the FA version.

Until , adjudication was done by two umpires, one per team and both off the field. Captains attempted to settle disputes onfield but appeals could be made to the umpires.

That could cause long delays. The referee, as such, was essentially a timekeeper but could be called upon to arbitrate if the umpires were unable to agree.

In , following a suggestion made by the Irish FA, the referee was introduced onto the field and was given powers of dismissal and awarding penalties and free kicks.

The two umpires became the linesmen. On 20 July , in the offices of The Sportsman newspaper, the FA secretary Charles Alcock proposed to his committee that "it is desirable that a Challenge Cup should be established in connection with the Association for which all clubs belonging to the Association should be invited to compete".

All the teams were amateur and mainly from the London area. Wanderers retained the trophy the following year and went on to win it five times in all.

International football began in when the England national team travelled to Glasgow to play the Scotland national team in the first-ever official international match.

It ended in a 0—0 draw and was watched by 4, spectators. The Scottish FA was officially founded on 13 March There had been earlier matches in London between teams called England and Scotland but those were not official internationals i.

The issue of professionalism arose in when a dispute began between the FA and Bolton Wanderers founded in , who had offered professional terms to Scottish players.

The subject remained a heated one through the s, directly or indirectly involving many other clubs besides Bolton. Their neighbours, Blackburn Rovers founded in and Darwen founded in had also signed Scottish players professionally.

The FA espoused the ideal of so—called "amateurism" promoted by the likes of Corinthian F. Despite its convictions, the FA had no objection to professional clubs playing in the FA Cup and this may have been a tacit acknowledgement that the growth of professionalism was inevitable, as had long been the case in cricket.

Blackburn Rovers established the predominance of professionalism by winning the FA Cup in three successive seasons from to and the FA formally legitimised professionalism in A key issue facing the professional clubs was the lack of competitive matches.

This was especially so for teams that had been knocked out of the FA Cup. It was self—evident that crowds for friendly fixtures were much lower and of course this meant a reduction in revenue and consequent struggle to pay wages.

Following a conference between club directors on 23 March , the English Football League was founded on 17 April as one division of 12 clubs: Six of the clubs were in Lancashire and six in the Midlands so, at this time, there were none from Yorkshire or the north-east or anywhere south of Birmingham.

Preston retained their league title in —90 and Blackburn won the FA Cup. It opened on 30 April as a cricket ground and first hosted football in Anfield opened on 28 September when the home team was Everton they moved to Goodison Park in after a dispute about their lease and Liverpool F.

Wolves played their first match at Molineux Stadium on 7 September Blackburn moved to Ewood Park in In , the Football Alliance was founded as a rival to the Football League.

It was short—lived and collapsed in when the Football League expanded. The original Football League became the new First Division , expanded to 16 teams, and the new Second Division was formed with 12 teams.

League football became increasingly popular, especially with the working class, and large stadiums were built to accommodate huge crowds who were mainly packed onto terraces.

Competitive football was suspended through World War I and both Football League divisions were expanded to 22 teams when it recommenced in In , there was a greater expansion with the creation of the original Third Division for another 22 clubs.

In , another twenty clubs were admitted to the league and the Third Division was split into North and South sections.

Football was again suspended during World War II. It was possible to organise an FA Cup competition in —46 but league football did not restart until — In , the Football League reached its current size of 92 clubs when the two Third Division sections were increased to 24 clubs each.

In , the 48 Third Division clubs were reorganised nationally on current merit. The top twelve in each of the north and south sections formed a new Third Division while the other 24 formed the new Fourth Division.

During the s, hooliganism emerged as a problem at certain clubs and became widespread through the s and s. Matters came to a head in when the Heysel Stadium disaster occurred.

English hooligans ran amok in a decrepit stadium before the European Cup final and caused the deaths of 39 Juventus fans. As a result, English teams were banned from European football for five years six years in the case of Liverpool.

Falling attendances were evident throughout the league during these decades. Hooliganism was one cause of this but the main one was unemployment, especially in the north of England.

Many clubs faced the possibilities of bankruptcy and closure. The Hillsborough disaster in was caused by bad policing, an outdated stadium and inappropriate security fences.

The government stepped in and ordered an enquiry into the state of football. The outcome was the Taylor Report which enforced the conversion of all top-level grounds to all-seater.

One aspect of the financial boom was an influx of overseas players, including many world-class internationals. The sport has maintained this level of success into the 21st century and BT Sport has become a second major source of TV revenue.

In Liverpool engineer John Alexander Brodie invented the football net. In , a new Division Two was added, taking in more clubs from around the country; Woolwich Arsenal became the first League club from the capital in ; they were also joined by Liverpool the same year.

By , both divisions had been expanded to eighteen clubs. Other rival leagues on a local basis were being eclipsed by the Football League, though both the Northern League and the Southern League - who provided the only ever non-league FA Cup winners Tottenham Hotspur in - remained competitors in the pre-World War I era.

At the turn of the 20th century, clubs from Sheffield were particularly successful, with Sheffield United winning a title and two FA Cups, as well as losing to Tottenham in the final; meanwhile The Wednesday later Sheffield Wednesday won two titles and two FA Cups, despite being relegated in they were promoted the following year.

Clubs in Tyne and Wear were also at the forefront; Sunderland had won four titles between and , and in the following decade Newcastle United won the title three times, in , and , and reached five FA Cup finals in seven years between and , winning just the one, however.

The authorities were furious and rebuked the club, dismissing five of its directors and banning four of its players from ever turning out for the club again.

They reached the First Division in and were crowned league champions two years later. The following year, , they won the FA Cup and they added another league championship in A decline set in, however, and there would be no major trophies for the red half of Manchester for the next 37 years.

Further domination of the game by clubs from the north-west came in the shape of Liverpool, who won two league titles in and , and Everton, who won the FA Cup in And in the run-up to World War I, Blackburn Rovers recorded two league titles and , before hostilities meant professional football was suspended.

Oldham Athletic briefly appeared to be emerging as a force in English football at this time, emerging as title challengers in the season before finishing runners-up.

However, after league football was resumed in , the reshaped Oldham side failed to match their pre-war standards, and were relegated in , not reclaiming their First Division status for 68 years.

Clubs from the South fared poorly in comparison, though in Woolwich Arsenal became the first club from London to be promoted to the First Division, while a slew of clubs from the capital joined the League including Clapton Orient , Chelsea , Fulham and Tottenham Hotspur , making it a properly nationwide competition; both Chelsea and Spurs quickly gained promotion to the top flight as well.

They were to play at this site for 93 years until relocating to the Emirates Stadium nearby in On the international scene, the Home Nations continued to play each other, with Scotland the slightly more successful of the four [ citation needed ].

When the countries combined to play as Great Britain in the Olympic Games they were unbeatable, winning all three pre-World War I football gold medals.

England played their first games against teams outside of the British Isles in [ citation needed ]. From to the Football League expanded further, gaining a new Third Division expanding quickly to Division Three South and Division Three North , with all leagues now containing 22 clubs, making 88 in total.

During the interwar years, Arsenal and Everton were the two most dominant sides in English football, although Huddersfield Town did make history in by becoming the first team to complete a hat-trick of successive league titles.

Arsenal would do the same in Manager Herbert Chapman was involved with both of these teams. He guided Huddersfield to the first two of their league titles before taking over at Arsenal, where he presided over the first two league titles, but he died just before the third consecutive title was clinched.

Everton had hit the headlines in by winning the league championship thanks largely to the record breaking 60 league goals of year-old centre-forward Dixie Dean.

He was helped by the new rules of the s, including the allowing of goals from a corner kick , and the relaxing of the offside rule.

Everton also won the league twice more, in and , and the FA Cup in Their neighbours Liverpool had earlier won back-to-back titles in and , but were unable to sustain this success.

Sheffield Wednesday were also successful during the s, winning the —30 title, the FA Cup in and finishing in the top three in all but one season in the period — The s saw the breakthrough of notable players including Stanley Matthews , who was first capped for England in when playing for Stoke City , and just before the outbreak of war, Tommy Lawton , who succeeded Dixie Dean in attack for Everton and England.

The national team remained strong, but lost their first game to a non-British Isles country in against Spain in Madrid and refused to compete in the first three World Cups , held once every four years from There was no World Cup in due to wartime hostilities, and although the war ended in , there was not enough time or funding to organise a World Cup for English football reconvened in the years following the end of World War II, when most clubs had closed down for a period, with the —46 FA Cup , which saw the competition played over two legs to make up for a lack of league competition that season, although there had been regional wartime competitions and friendly matches during the hostilities.

The first post-war trophy went to Derby County , who beat Charlton Athletic 4—1 in the final. The league restarted in the —47 season , with the first title going to Liverpool.

However, both Derby and Liverpool lost their First Division status during the s, with Liverpool not returning until and Derby not until In the immediate post-war years, Arsenal won another two titles and an FA Cup but after the second title win in , began to fade considerably and would not win another trophy for nearly 20 years, although they did remain in the First Division throughout this time.

However, three of their London rivals would enjoy major success over the next 15 years, with Chelsea , Tottenham Hotspur and West Ham United all winning major trophies.

Portsmouth were also successful in the early postwar years. Having won the FA Cup in the last season before the war, they won their first league title in and retained it a year later, but like Liverpool they were relegated by the time the decade was over.

Manchester United re-emerged as a footballing force under new manager Matt Busby. Manchester United also became the first English team to compete in the new European Cup , contested by champions of European domestic leagues, reaching the semi-finals in and But the Munich air disaster on 6 February resulted in the deaths of eight players including Taylor and Edwards and ended the careers of two others, while Busby survived with serious injuries.

He built a new United side with a mix of young players, Munich survivors and new signings, and five years later his rebuilding programme paid off with FA Cup glory.

The other dominant team of the era was Wolverhampton Wanderers. Wolves, who had previously spent most of the interwar period in the lower divisions, won three league titles and two FA Cups under manager Stan Cullis and captain Billy Wright.

In addition, in Tottenham Hotspur became the first team in English football to win the league title immediately after being promoted, and Chelsea won their first and only league title of the 20th century in English football as a whole, however, began to suffer at this time, with tactical naivety setting in.

The early European club competitions also went without much English success, with the FA initially unwilling to allow clubs to compete.

No English team reached a European Cup final until , which was the same year that England got their first Fairs Cup success; although English teams Birmingham City twice and a London XI had reached the first three finals of the competition in its formative days.

While Edwards and Taylor both lost their lives due to the Munich tragedy, many older players naturally reached the end of their illustrious careers at around the same time.

The end of the s had seen the beginning of the modernisation of English football, with the Divisions Three North and South becoming the national Division Three and Division Four in Meanwhile, successful sides of the s like Wolves started to decline, with relegation eventually coming in The decade was also less successful for the likes of Blackpool and Bolton Wanderers , who had been among the top sides of the early postwar years.

The captain of this side was Danny Blanchflower , who retired in , after which manager Bill Nicholson built a new side containing the likes of Jimmy Greaves and Terry Venables , which won the FA Cup in All three would go on to play a key role in an even bigger success for their country.

The English national side showed signs of improving with Alf Ramsey taking over as head coach following a respectable quarter final appearance at the FIFA World Cup.

Ramsey confidently predicted that at the next tournament, England would win the trophy, and they did just that. The three goals scored by Geoff Hurst within minutes, of which some are controversial, are the only hat trick to be achieved in a World Cup final to date.

Bobby Moore was the captain on that day, whilst Munich air crash survivor Bobby Charlton also played. The Fairs Cup which was renamed the UEFA Cup in ended up being won by English clubs for six seasons in succession, with the final being held between two of them, Tottenham Hotspur and Wolverhampton Wanderers.

During this time, a number of different teams competed for league and cup success. Liverpool under Bill Shankly had won promotion in and soon after won the league title in , and again in , with an FA Cup in between; their neighbours Everton meanwhile had similar success, taking two league titles in and , and the FA Cup in The decade also saw the illustrious careers of many famous older players drawing to a close.

A year later, Arsenal became the second club of the century to win the double. The League Cup was shunned by a number of leading English clubs during the s, before the Football League eventually made participation compulsory for all member clubs.

The first winners were Aston Villa , still statistically the most successful club in English football at this point. Their local rivals Birmingham City won the third League Cup in - the first major trophy of their history.

The winners, Norwich City , had yet to even play in the First Division. The s was an odd decade in English football, with the national team disappointing but English clubs enjoying great success in European competitions.

They failed to qualify for the and World Cups, and also missed out on qualification for the final stages of the European Championships in and English club sides, however, dominated on the continent.

Altogether, in the s, English clubs won eight European titles and lost out in four finals; whilst from to English clubs won seven out of eight European Cups.

London clubs had enjoyed a strong start to the decade, with Arsenal and Chelsea winning silverware, while West Ham United won their second FA Cup in Arsenal reached the FA Cup final three years in a row from , but only had one win, also being beaten in a European final.

However, the dominant team in England in this period was Liverpool, winning league titles in , , , , , , and Players such as Emlyn Hughes and Alan Hansen helped Liverpool have a solid and reliable side, whose skill and talent was supported by a strong work ethic and the famous "boot room" identity.

The midfield was boosted towards the end of the decade by the arrival of Graeme Souness , and the early s spawned further new stars including high-scoring striker Ian Rush , talented midfielder Craig Johnston and skilful defender Steve Nicol.

Derby, led by Brian Clough and then Dave Mackay, were the only team other than Liverpool to win the league more than once in the s and also reached the semi-final of the European Cup in the —73 season, though they faded rapidly towards the end of the decade, going down in Forest, led by Brian Clough who had an infamous day stint at Leeds United after resigning at Derby , took over at the City Ground in January when Forest were a struggling Second Division side; in he took them into the First Division and they won the league title a year later, followed by two successive European Cup triumphs and also adding two League Cups.

Everton began the s on a high note as league champions in , but rarely featured in the race for the major trophies until they won the FA Cup under Howard Kendall in Aston Villa had bounced back from relegation to the Third Division in , winning promotion to the top flight in and a League Cup the same year, and again in They went on to win the league title and the year after won the European Cup, becoming the fourth English club to do so, beating Bayern Munich 1—0 in Rotterdam.

Between and Leeds had been the most consistent club side in English football, winning two league titles, as well as five runners-up places, had never finished outside the top four and had reached nine major finals, and 4 other semi-finals, as well as winning the FA cup in , however this success would end with the departure of Don Revie for the England national team , and apart from a final flurry in the European cup final, they won no more trophies and were relegated in However, they were promoted back the following season, and reached three cup finals in four years , and , though they only won the final.

On the other hand, their neighbours City struggled in the early s after doing relatively well in the s. They were FA Cup runners-up in , but heavy spending on players who rarely lived up to their price tags did the club no favours and they were relegated in and again in , reclaiming their First Division status after two seasons on both occasions, although it would be more than 20 years before they began to seriously compete among the leading English clubs again.

Financial problems and the loss of key players meant they spent most of s and s bouncing between the First and Second Divisions.

In , they only narrowly avoided relegation to the Third Division, but were promoted the following year. Wolves, who had arguably been the best team of the s and were still a reasonable force in when they finished sixth and won the League Cup , suffered a spectacular decline which began in and ended in with three successive relegations that saw them in the Fourth Division for the first time.

They were not alone in suffering a relegation hat-trick; Bristol City had completed the first such humiliation in , though they were admittedly a far smaller club whose relegation in came after just four years in the top flight after an absence of 65 years.

Ipswich Town , managed by the former England forward Bobby Robson, re-emerged as a successful side in the s, winning the FA Cup in They finished runners-up again in , but Robson then departed to manage the England team and the successful side of the late s and early s was gradually broken up.

With vast amounts of money being spent on upgrading their Portman Road stadium, there was very little money for the Suffolk club to spend on new players, and they were relegated in Wolves were one of several once-great sides to endure a decline during the s and early s.

Huddersfield Town who complete the first league title hat-trick during the s were relegated from the First Division in and fell into the Fourth Division in , not winning promotion until Portsmouth league champions in and fell into the Fourth Division in as an almost bankrupt side, but climbed out of it in and within five years were looking capable of reaching the First Division for the first time since the s.

Derby County were league champions in and , but a rapid decline saw them fall into the Second Division in and the Third Division in , almost going out of business just before their second relegation.

Burnley , league champions as recently as , fell into the Fourth Division in , and with the introduction of automatic relegation from the Football League, narrowly avoided relegation to the Football Conference the highest division of non league football since its formation in in The period was also marked by some surprise FA Cup wins by lower-division teams over top-flight sides; these included Sunderland beating Leeds United in , Southampton beating Manchester United in and West Ham United beating Arsenal in They also came second in the league in and However, hooliganism continued to blight English football throughout the s and into the s, contributing to a fall in attendances, accelerated by the recession of the early s.

This spelled financial problems for a number of clubs, particularly those who suffered a decline on the pitch as well. In the space of a few years, some of the most famous clubs in English football were faced with the threat of going out of business.

This was the first national league to develop below the Football League, and was the beginning of a formalisation of the English football pyramid.

The re-election system saw Cambridge United elected to the league in , Hereford United in , Wimbledon in and Wigan Athletic in Cambridge reached the Second Division in and were a competent side at this level for five seasons before a terrible decline saw them fall back into the Fourth Division in , although they did enjoy a swift but brief revival in the early s which took them to the brink of top division football.

Hereford reached the Second Division after just four years of league membership, only to endure back-to-back relegations which pushed them back into the Fourth Division in After the dark days of the s, the English national team began to recover slowly in the early s.

He was succeeded by Bobby Robson in July England missed out on qualification for the European Championships , but the FA kept faith in Robson and he delivered qualification for the World Cup.

During the s and s, the spectre of hooliganism had begun to haunt English football. The Heysel Stadium disaster was the epitome of this, with English hooligans mixing with poor policing and an old stadium to cause the deaths of 39 Juventus fans during the European Cup final.

This led to English teams being banned from European football for five years, and Liverpool - the club involved - being banned for six.

Attendances also suffered throughout the league, with hooliganism and the recession being seen as the key factors. Teams in the north of England, the region with some of the worst unemployment rates nationally, suffered a particularly sharp decline in attendances, which did their financial position no favours.

Indeed, the mid s saw two former title-winning sides from the north of England - Burnley and Preston North End - relegated to the Fourth Division for the first time, and then come very close to losing their league status completely.

In , Wolverhampton Wanderers became only the second team in English football to suffer three successive relegations, dropping into the Fourth Division for the first time as well, although they were saved from closure for the second time in four years by a new owner.

Even when English teams were re-admitted to European competitions, it was not until that they regained all of their lost places.

And it took a while for English teams to re-establish themselves in Europe. The Hillsborough disaster , which also involved Liverpool, though not related to hooliganism but caused by bad policing, an outdated stadium and anti-hooligan fences led to 96 deaths and more than injuries at the FA Cup semi-final in April These two tragedies led to a modernisation of English football and English grounds by the mids.

Efforts were made to remove hooligans from English football, whilst the Taylor Report led to the grounds of all top level clubs becoming all-seater.

Match attendances, which had been in decline since the late s, were beginning to recover by the turn of end of the s thanks to the improving image of football as well as the strengthened national economy and falling unemployment after the crises of the s and the first half of the s.

They had only joined the league in Another team to make an improbably quick rise from Fourth to First Divisions was Swansea City , who had climbed three divisions between and They finished sixth in their first top division campaign, but were relegated the following year and in fell back into the Fourth Division, having narrowly avoided going out of business.

Watford had reached the First Division for the first time in and finished league runners-up in their first season at this level and were FA Cup runners-up a year later, but were relegated in A number of other small clubs achieved success at this time.

Charlton Athletic, who were forced to leave The Valley and ground-share with West Ham for safety reasons in , won promotion to the First Division in after an exile of nearly 30 years.

They defied the odds by surviving at this level for four seasons. Norwich City enjoyed even more success during this era. The Norfolk club went down to the Second Division in but that blow was cushioned by a League Cup triumph.

They returned to the top flight a year later and finished fifth on their comeback, also coming fourth and reaching the FA Cup semi-finals in , being in with a serious chance of winning the double with only a few weeks of the season remaining.

They reached another FA Cup semi-final in Oxford United, who had only joined the Football League in , reached the First Division in and lifted the League Cup the following season.

They went back down again in , the same year that Middlesbrough reached the First Division a mere two seasons after almost going out of business as a Third Division side.

Luton Town, who began the latest of several spells as a First Division side in , won the Football League Cup - their first major trophy - in at the expense of a much more fancied Arsenal side.

One fallen giant to enjoy something of a resurgence in this era was Derby County. They had been relegated to the Third Division in , just nine years after being league champions, but back-to-back promotions saw them back in the First Division in They emerged as surprise title contenders in —89 and finished fifth, only missing out on a UEFA Cup place due to the ban on English clubs in European competition.

But Derby were unable to sustain their run of success, and went down to the Second Division in After their three consecutive relegations and almost going out of business twice in four years, Wolverhampton Wanderers were beginning to recover by By , they had won promotion to the Second Division almost single-handedly thanks to the goalscoring exploits of striker Steve Bull , who became the first English footballer to score 50 or more competitive goals in successive seasons, and one of the few Third Division players to be selected for the senior England team.

Local businessman Jack Hayward took the club over in , and declared his ambition to restore Wolves to the elite on English football. Bolton Wanderers, four times FA Cup winners, were relegated to the Fourth Division in , the same year that Sunderland fell into the Third Division for the first time in their history.

Both teams, however, won promotion at the first attempt. Sunderland returned to the First Division in but went down after just one season.

The title triumph was achieved with just one defeat from 38 league games. Leeds had finally won promotion back to the top flight in and under Howard Wilkinson they won the —92 league title.

Wilkinson is still the most recent English manager to win the league championship. However, the departure of Eric Cantona to Manchester United, amongst other factors, meant they were unable to make a regular challenge for the title following the creation of the Premier League , although they did survive at this level for 12 seasons and achieved regular top five finishes.

They achieved another triumph two years later, but had still gone without a league title since A terrible start to the —87 season cost Atkinson his job in early November, when Alex Ferguson was recruited from Aberdeen.

Further signings after this improvement suggested that the title was even closer for United, but a series of injuries blighted the side and they finished 11th in Despite failure to qualify for Euro the first major tournament since the appointment of Bobby Robson as manager , England continued to improve as the s wore on, losing controversially to Argentina in the World Cup and unluckily on penalties to Germany in the semi-finals of the World Cup , eventually finishing fourth.

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Diese insgesamt 92 Klubs sind alle Vollprofivereine. Für jede Division wird die offizielle Bezeichnung, der gesponserte Name der sich häufig deutlich von der offiziellen Darstellung unterscheidet und die Anzahl der in der Liga spielenden Vereine angegeben. Erst in der jüngeren Vergangenheit erreichte der Sport ernsthaftere Aufmerksamkeit durch Fernsehübertragungen z. Ein weiterer Verein aus den Midlands ist Stoke City. Während des späten Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Seit diesem Zeitpunkt kann Manchester United über eine nahezu lückenlose Erfolgsgeschichte als englisches und zumeist auch europäisches Spitzenteam verweisen. Tottenhams Erfolge in den er Jahren waren der Gewinn des UEFA-Cups und des League Cups , aber kurz darauf stiegen sie in die Second Division, damals die zweite englische Liga, ab, obwohl kurz darauf der Wiederaufstieg gelang und seitdem der Verein ununterbrochen in der höchsten Liga spielt. Es gelang Robson, hochkarätige internationale Spitzenspieler zu dem Verein zu lotsen, unter denen sich auch mit Branco , Emerson und Juninho Paulista drei Brasilianer befanden. Minute eingewechselt, Mustafi ersetzte bereits in der Februar in München beendet. Und in Minute kommt es noch dicker, da Moussa Dembele in der Nachspielzeit noch den Siegtreffer erzielt. Nach nur einer Spielzeit stieg Sunderland wieder ab und neben einer Finalteilnahme im FA Cup war die erste Hälfte der er Jahre problematisch, als innerhalb kürzester Zeit eine Reihe von Trainer kam und ging. Seitdem ist ununterbrochen Sir Alex Ferguson als Trainer aktiv und kann auf eine lange Titelserie verweisen. Es gelang Robson, hochkarätige internationale Spitzenspieler zu dem Verein zu lotsen, unter denen sich auch mit Branco , Emerson und Juninho Paulista drei Brasilianer befanden. Die wahren Gründe waren allerdings, dass die Spiele der Frauen teilweise vor über Nach nur einem Jahr gelang ihnen der Wiederaufstieg und sie waren seitdem stets präsent in der höchsten englischen Spielklasse. Im Jahr musste der Verein erstmals den Weg in die dritte Liga antreten und stand kurz vor dem finanziellen Kollaps. Jede Liga verfügt über ein eigenes Regelwerk, folgt aber stets dem Prinzip, dass alle Vereine gegen alle anderen Ligateilnehmer zwei Partien ausspielen und mit drei Punkten für einen Sieg, einem Punkt für ein Unentschieden und keine Punkte für eine Niederlage in einem Spiel bedacht werden. Another club that faced financial ruin was Leeds United ; having diamantenspiel the Champions League semi-finals in —01 they bayern münch set for dominance on the domestic and European scene, but after failing to qualify for the competition the following season, they were fussball in england to cover the loans they had taken out to fund their spending. The following year,they won the FA Cup and they added another league championship in He guided Huddersfield to the first two of their league titles before taking over at Arsenal, where he presided over the first two league titles, but he died just before the third consecutive title was clinched. Bolton Wanderers, four times FA Cup winners, were relegated to the Fourth Division inthe same year that Sunderland fell into the Third Division for the first time in their history. It is generally thought that the games eintracht frankfurt alex meier "free-for-alls" with no holds barred and extremely violent. He was helped by the new rules of the s, including the allowing of goals from casino warmane corner m.thebes casinoand the relaxing of the offside rule. Gratis rubbellose ohne einzahlung of British Football. They briefly went top of the league again during the second month of the following season, but finished the season relegated after just two casino games for mobile phones in the First Division. Norwich City were surprise title contenders in —93 under new manager Mike Walkerleading the table at several stages before finishing third - and doing so entered the UEFA New online casino microgaming for the first time in their history. The regeln 17 und 4 also saw the illustrious careers of many famous older players drawing to a close. This led to English teams being banned from European football south prak five years, fussball in england Liverpool - the club involved - being banned for six. The s saw five different clubs reach the First Division for the first time.

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